|Terpinolene||anti-oxidant in vitro||The monoterpene terpinolene from the oil of Pinus mugo L. in concert with alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene effectively prevents oxidation of LDL.||Jun 2005|
Ingestion Method: essential oil of Pinus mugo|
The essential oil of Pinus mugo and the contained monoterpene terpinolene effectively prevent low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-oxidation
|Myrcene,Linalool,Eucalyptol||anti-oxidant in vitro||Protective effect of linalool, myrcene and eucalyptol against t-butyl hydroperoxide induced genotoxicity in bacteria and cultured human cells||Jan 2009|
Ingestion Method: 0.05-1.5 mg/plate and 0.01-1.0 microg/ml|
The results indicate that linalool, eucalyptol and myrcene have substantial protective effect against oxidant induced genotoxicity, which is predominately mediated by their radical scavenging activity.
|Bisabolol||anti-oxidant in vitro||Antioxidant activity of bisabolol: inhibitory effects on chemiluminescence of human neutrophil bursts and cell-free systems.||Dec 2008|
|These findings draw the attention to the possible medical use of bisabolol as a means of improving the antioxidant network and restoring the redox balance by antagonising oxidative stress.|
|Caryophyllene||anti-fibrosis,anti-oxidant in vitro||The anti-oxidant effect of Beta-caryophyllene protects rat liver from carbon tetrachloride-induced fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic stellate cell activation||Feb 2013|
Ingestion Method: 1 and 10 um|
CAR, a sesquiterpene present in numerous plants and foods, is as a natural antioxidant that reduces carbon tetrachloride-mediated liver fibrosis and inhibits hepatic cell activation.
|Borneol||anti-oxidant in vitro||Borneol alleviates oxidative stress via upregulation of Nrf2 and Bcl-2 in SH-SY5Y cells||Dec 2011|
|Borneol protected SH-SY5Y cells against Abeta--induced toxicity, exerted an antioxidative effect and suppressed apoptosis. It increases our knowledge about neuroprotective mechanism of borneol, and it is hopeful to be a candidate compound for developing therapeutic drug for the prevention and treatment of AD and other Abeta--related neurodegenerative diseases.|
|Nerolidol||sedative,anti-oxidant in mice via experiment||anti-oxidant effects of nerolidol in mice hippocampus after open field test.||Jul 2016|
Ingestion Method: 25, 50 and 75 mg/kg i.p.|
Nerolidol showed sedative effects in animals subjected to the open field test. Oxidative process plays a crucial role on neuronal pathological consequence, and implies that antioxidant effects could be achieved using this sesquiterpene.
|Terpinolene||anti-oxidant,cancer in vitro||Anticancer and anti-oxidant properties of terpinolene in rat brain cells.||Sept 2013|
Ingestion Method: 50-100mg/L|
Our findings clearly demonstrate that TPO is a potent antiproliferative agent for brain tumour cells and may have potential as an anticancer agent, which needs to be further studied.
|Terpinolene||anti-oxidant in vitro||Genotoxic and oxidative damage potentials in human lymphocytes after exposure to terpinolene in vitro.||May 2015|
|Again, TPO (at 10, 25, 50 and 75 mg/L) treatment caused statistically important (p < 0.05) increases of TAC levels in human lymphocytes without changing TOS levels. In conclusion, TPO can be a new resource of therapeutics as recognized in this study with its non-genotoxic and antioxidant features.|
|Myrcene||anti-oxidant in mice via experiment (n=40)||Neuroprotective effects of Beta-myrcene following global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion-mediated oxidative and neuronal damage in a C57BL/J6 mouse||June 2014|
Ingestion Method: 200 mg/kg|
However, MYR treatment protected against the oxidative effects of I/R by inducing significant increases in GSH, GPx, and SOD and a significant decrease in the formation of TBARS. Additionally, cerebral I/R increased the incidence of histopathological damage and apoptosis in brain tissue, but these neurodegenerative effects were eliminated by MYR treatment.
|Caryophyllene||anti-oxidant,cancer,colon cancer in vitro||The Anticancer, anti-oxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of the Sesquiterpene Beta-Caryophyllene from the Essential Oil of Aquilaria crassna||Jun 2015|
|beta--caryophyllene demonstrated potent inhibition against clonogenicity, migration, invasion and spheroid formation in colon cancer cells. These results prompt us to state that beta--caryophyllene is the active principle responsible for the selective anticancer and antimicrobial activities of A. crassnia.|
|Guaiol||anti-bacterial,anti-oxidant||The essential oil from the fruits of the Brazilian spice Xylopia sericea A. St.-Hil. presents expressive in-vitro anti-bacterial and anti-oxidant activity.||Mar 2017|
Ingestion Method: Xylopia sericea fruits (OXS)|
OXS presented a significant antioxidant activity and also a high bacteriostatic effect against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterobacter cloacae, Bacillus cereus and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
|Limonene||anti-oxidant,anti-inflamatory,intenstine in rats||D-limonene exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties in an ulcerative colitis rat model via regulation of iNOS, COX-2, PGE2 and ERK signaling pathways.||Apr 2017|
Action Pathway: iNOS, COX-2, PGE2, TGF-beta-|
In conclusion, D-limonene reduced MMP-2 and -9 mRNA expression levels via regulation of the iNOS, COX-2, PGE2, TGF-beta- and ERK1/2 signaling pathways in a UC rat model, indicating its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
|Limonene||anti-oxidant,cancer,diabetes,anti-viral via review||Limonene: Aroma of innovation in health and disease.||Mar 2018|
|The therapeutic effects of limonene have been extensively studied, proving anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antinociceptive, anticancer, antidiabetic, antihyperalgesic, antiviral, and gastroprotective effects, among other beneficial effects in health.|
|Limonene||cholesterol,anti-oxidant in rabbits via experiment||Antioxidative and Cholesterol-Lowering Effects of Lemon Essential Oil in Hypercholesterolemia-Induced Rabbits.||Mar 2018|
Ingestion Method: lemon essential oil (LEO)|
In conclusion, LEO had beneficial effects on hypercholesterolemia due to its antioxidative and cholesterol lowering effects.
|Ocimene||anti-oxidant in vitro||Seasonal variation of volatile oil composition and antioxidant property of aerial parts of Syzygium paniculatum Gaertn. grown in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.||Aug 2018|
Ingestion Method: Syzygium paniculatum Gaertn oil|
The bioavailability of citronellol, thymol, beta--ocimene and linoleic acid, used as bactericidal, fungicidal and antioxidant agents in cosmetics and perfumery, suggests S. paniculatum potential as a natural food flavouring and source of antibiotics in this era of emerging multi-drug-resistant pathogens.
|Cymene||anti-oxidant in vitro via experiment||Antiglycation, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activities of Uvaria chamae root and essential oil composition.||Nov 2018|
Ingestion Method: Uvaria chamae (Annonaceae) oil|
U. chamae root possess antiglycation effect, and may also reduce oxidative stress in patients with diabetes; its antiglycation effect, oil composition, and cytotoxicity are reported for the first time.
|Cymene,Terpinene||anti-oxidant in vitro via experiment||Comparison of chemical composition and antioxidant activities of two Winter savory subspecies (Satureja montana subsp. variegata and Satureja montana subsp. montana) cultivated in Northern Italy.||Nov 2018|
|The antioxidant activity was determined by using DPPH, ABTS and FRAP and essential oils displayed noteworthy radical scavenging effects against the ABTS radical|
|Limonene||anti-oxidant in vitro via experiment||Chemical composition, antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity of essential oil from Citrus aurantium L zest against some pathogenic microorganisms.||Jan 2019|
|Gram-positive bacteria were more sensitive to the oil (inhibition zones being between 9 and 12.5 mm) and the minimum inhibitory concentration was more than 600 ppm; Gram-negative bacteria were less sensitive. The obtained essential oil displayed promising results for its application as a biopreservative agent.|
|Borneol||anti-oxidant in vitro||A new source of natural D-borneol and its characteristic||Nov 2010|
Ingestion Method: The essential oils from leaves of Mei Pian tree|
Antioxidant activities of the refined D-borneol and standard D-borneol were determined by testing their DPPH and hydroxyl radicals scavenging activities and the reducing power. The refined D-borneol and standard D-borneol had the same antioxidant activity.